Below we will comment on some prominent Italian manufacturers.
Amici Giovanni Battista
He was a leading Italian scientist, optician, naturalist, and astronomer. In 1858 he described two types of microscopes: a portable pocket microscope with a screw focus that raised the stage (F) in the figure. The second microscope allows hands-free observations, as it uses reflected light on a drum-shaped base.
- Amici’s signature on his instruments. Portrait of G. B. Amici and schematic of one of his portable microscopes. Bottom row: diagram of his second portable device and a copy made by him. Finally, a copy of his portable horizontal microscope in Bologna.
Although he especially excelled in the field of astronomy, he built numerous scientific instruments. Among them more than three hundred microscopes and telescopes. Many of which are currently on display in the Galileo Museum in Florence.